Two-Dimensional Dynamics of Tracked Ram Air Cushion Vehicles With Fixed and Variable Winglets

[+] Author and Article Information
L. M. Sweet, H. C. Curtiss, R. A. Luhrs

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J. 08544

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 101(4), 321-331 (Dec 01, 1979) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3426446 History: Received August 20, 1979; Online July 13, 2010


A linearized model of the pitch-heave dynamics of a Tracked Ram Air Cushion Vehicle is presented. This model is based on aerodynamic theory which has been verified by wind tunnel and towed model experiments. The vehicle is assumed to be equipped with two controls which can be configured to provide various suspension system characteristics. The ride quality and dynamic motions of the fixed winglet vehicle moving at 330 km/hr over a guideway described by roughness characteristics typical of highways is examined in terms of the rms values of the vertical acceleration in the foremost and rearmost seats in the passenger cabin and the gap variations at the leading and trailing edges of the vehicle. The improvement in ride quality and dynamic behavior which can be obtained by passive and active suspension systems is examined and discussed. Optimal regulator theory is employed to design the active suspension system. The predicted rms values of the vertical acceleration in the one-third octave frequency bands are compared with the vertical ISO Specifications. It is shown that marked improvements in the ride quality can be obtained with either the passive or active suspension systems.

Copyright © 1979 by ASME
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