0
RESEARCH PAPERS

Modeling and Control of Elastic Joint Robots

[+] Author and Article Information
M. W. Spong

Coordinated Science Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Ill. 61801

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 109(4), 310-318 (Dec 01, 1987) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3143860 History: Received July 01, 1986; Online July 21, 2009

Abstract

In this paper we study the modeling and control of robot manipulators with elastic joints. We first derive a simple model to represent the dynamics of elastic joint manipulators. The model is derived under two assumptions regarding dynamic coupling between the actuators and the links, and is useful for cases where the elasticity in the joints is of greater significance than gyroscopic interactions between the motors and links. In the limit as the joint stiffness tends to infinity, our model reduces to the usual rigid model found in the literature, showing the reasonableness of our modeling assumptions. We show that our model is significantly more tractable with regard to controller design than previous nonlinear models that have been used to model elastic joint manipulators. Specifically, the nonlinear equations of motion that we derive are shown to be globally linearizable by diffeomorphic coordinate transformation and nonlinear static state feedback, a result that does not hold for previously derived models of elastic joint manipulators. We also detail an alternate approach to nonlinear control based on a singular perturbation formulation of the equations of motion and the concept of integral manifold. We show that by a suitable nonlinear feedback, the manifold in state space which describes the dynamics of the rigid manipulator, that is, the manipulator without joint elasticity, can be made invariant under solutions of the elastic joint system. The implications of this result for the control of elastic joint robots are discussed.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In