Lagrangian Formulation of the Equations of Motion for Elastic Mechanisms With Mutual Dependence Between Rigid Body and Elastic Motions: Part I—Element Level Equations

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Nagarajan

IBM, Rochester, Minn. 55901

David A. Turcic

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 112(2), 203-214 (Jun 01, 1990) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2896127 History: Received June 06, 1988; Revised March 01, 1989; Online March 17, 2008


Equations of motion are derived using Lagrange’s equation for elastic mechanism systems. The elastic links are modeled using the finite element method. Both rigid body degrees of freedom and the elastic degrees of freedom are considered as generalized coordinates in the derivation. Previous work in the area of analysis of general elastic mechanisms usually involve the assumption that the rigid body motion or the nominal motion of the system is unaffected by the elastic motion. The nonlinear differential equations of motion derived in this work do not make this assumption and thus allow for the rigid body motion and the elastic motion to influence each other. Also the equations obtained are in closed form for the entire mechanism system, in terms of a minimum number of variables, which are the rigid body and the elastic degrees of freedom. These equations represent a more realistic model of light-weight high-speed mechanisms, having closed and open loop multi degree of freedom chains, and geometrically complex elastic links.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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