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RESEARCH PAPERS

On the Modeling and Simulation of Friction

[+] Author and Article Information
D. A. Haessig

GEC-Marconi Electronic Systems Corporation, Wayne, NJ

B. Friedland

New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 113(3), 354-362 (Sep 01, 1991) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2896418 History: Received November 28, 1989; Revised June 01, 1990; Online March 17, 2008

Abstract

Two new models for “slip-stick” friction are presented. One, called the “bristle model,” is an approximation designed to capture the physical phenomenon of sticking. This model is relatively inefficient numerically. The other model, called the “reset integrator model,” does not capture the details of the sticking phenomenon, but is numerically efficient and exhibits behavior similar to the model proposed by Karnopp in 1985. All three of these models and the Dahl model are preferable to the classical model, which poorly represents the friction force at zero velocity. Simulation experiments show that the Karnopp model, the Dahl model, and the new models give similar results in two examples. In a closed-loop example, the classical model predicts a limit cycle which is not observed in the laboratory. The Karnopp model, the Dahl model, and the new models, on the other hand, agree with the experimental observation.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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