Consistent Task Specification for Manipulation Systems With General Kinematics

[+] Author and Article Information
Domenico Prattichizzo

Dipartimento di Sistemi Elettrici e Automazione, Università di Pisa, via Diotisalvi, 2, 56100 Pisa, Italia

Antonio Bicchi

Centro “E. Piaggio,” Università di Pisa, via Diotisalvi, 2, 56100 Pisa, Italia

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 119(4), 760-767 (Dec 01, 1997) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2802388 History: Received August 15, 1996; Online December 03, 2007


Although most of the literature on manipulation systems deals with systems with as many degrees of freedom as the dimension of their task space, or even with more (redundant manipulators), kinematically defective manipulation systems are often encountered in robotics, in particular when dealing with simple industry-oriented grippers, or when the whole surface of the manipulator limbs is exploited to constrain the manipulated object, as in “whole-arm” manipulation. Kinematically defective systems differ from nondefective and redundant manipulation systems in many ways, some of which have been addressed in the literature. In this paper, we focus on one of the central problems of manipulation, i.e., controlling the manipulator in order to track a desired object trajectory, while guaranteeing that contact forces are controlled so as to comply with contact constraints (friction bounds, etc.) at every instant. We attack this problem by an unified approach that is appropriate for manipulation systems with general kinematics. When dealing with kinematically defective systems, it is not possible to assign arbitrary trajectories of object motions and contact forces. To understand what restrictions position and force reference trajectories should exhibit in order to be feasible by a given system, is the central issue of this work.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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