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TECHNICAL BRIEFS

One-Step-Ahead Adaptive Control for Gas Turbine Power Plants

[+] Author and Article Information
S. M. Camporeale

Dept. of Mechanics and Materials, University of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy

L. Dambrosio, B. Fortunato

Istituto di Macchine ed Energetica, Polytechnic University of Bari, Bari, Italy

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 124(2), 341-348 (May 10, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1470178 History: Received August 17, 1999; Online May 10, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Watts,  J. W., Dwan,  T. E., and Brockus,  C. G., 1992, “Optimal State-Space Control of a Gas Turbine Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 114(4), pp. 763–767.
Camporeale, S. M., Fortunato, B., Dumas, A., 1997, “Non-Linear Simulation Model and Multivariable Control of a Regenerative Single-Shaft Gas Turbine,” Proceedings of the IEEE/ASME Conference on Control Applications Hartford.
Evans, C., Borrell A., and Rees, D., 1998, “Testing and Modelling Gas Turbines Using Multisine Signals and Frequency-Domain Techniques,” ASME paper 98-GT-98, presented at the International Gas Turbine & Aeroengine Congress & Exhibition, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5.
Monopoli,  R. V., 1981, “Model Following Control of Gas Turbine Engines,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 103, pp. 285–289.
Vroemen, B. G., van Essen, H. A., van Steenhoven, A. A., and Kok, J. J, 1998, “Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of a Laboratory Gas Turbine,” ASME Paper 98-GT-100, presented at the International Gas Turbine & Aeroengine Congress & Exhibition, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5.
Dambrosio, L., and Controllo Adattativo 1995 “One-Step-Ahead di un sistema eolico,” PHD thesis, Polytechnic University of Bari.
Dambrosio, L., and Fortunato, B., 1999, “One Step Ahead Adaptive Control Technique for Wind Turbine-Synchronous Generator System,” Journal of Energy 24 , Elsevier Science, pp. 9–20.
Dadone,  A., Dambrosio,  L., and Fortunato,  B., 1998, “One Step Ahead Adaptive Control Technique for Wind Systems,” J. Energy Conversion and Management, 39(5/6), pp. 399–413 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Dambrosio,  L., and Fortunato,  B., 1999, “One-step-ahead adaptive control of a wind-driven, synchronous generator system,” Energy-The International Journal, 24, pp. 9–20, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Goodwin, G. C., and Sin, K. S., 1984 Adaptive, Filtering, Prediction and Control, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliff, NJ.
Bryson, A. E., and Ho, Yu-Chi, 1975, Applied Optimal Control - Optimization, Estimation, and Control, Hemisphere, New York.
Camporeale, S. M., Fortunato, B, and Dumas, A, 1998, “Dynamic Modeling and Control of Regenerative Gas Turbine,” ASME paper 98-GT-172.
Rowen,  W. I., 1983, “Simplified Mathematical Representations of Heavy Duty Gas Turbines,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 105(4), pp. 865–869.
Hannet,  L. N., and Khan,  A., 1993, “Combustion turbine dynamic model validation from tests,” IEEE Transaction On Power Systems, 8(1), pp. 152–158.
De Mello,  F. P., 1994, “Dynamic Models for Combined Cycle Plants in Power System Studies,” IEEE Transaction On Power Systems, 9(3), pp. 1698–1708.

Figures

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Block diagram of the one-step-ahead control system
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Modular scheme adopted for the numerical simulation of the gas turbine
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Block scheme representing the OSAA control system applied to the gas turbine
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Dynamic characteristics of control and measuring devices: (a) fuel system; (b) VIGV positioner; (c) exhaust gas temperature measure device
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Estimation of the parameters a and b in the SISO application of the OSAA control technique
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OSAA applied to the fuel control. Rotor speed (a), fuel signal (b), and fuel flow rate (c) after load reduction.
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Simulated response of rotational speed (a) to a load reduction with the corresponding control input (b) and fuel flow rate (c) for two cases: OSAA control applied with integrative correction and “speedtronic” adopted as speed governor
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Simulation of a gas turbine controlled by the OSAA control system in MIMO formulation. Rotational speed (a), exhaust gas temperature (b), fuel flow rate (c), VIGV position (d)

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