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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Initial Investigations Into the Dynamics of Cutting Brushes for Sweeping

[+] Author and Article Information
G. M. Peel, G. A. Parker

School of Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, UK

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 124(4), 675-681 (Dec 16, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1515333 History: Received November 01, 2000; Revised May 01, 2002; Online December 16, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Pratt, T., and Yule, J., 1997, A Brief History of the Road Sweeper, J & G Plant Ltd.
Stango,  R. J., Heinrich,  S. M., and Shia,  C. Y., 1989, “Analysis of Constrained Filament Deformation and Stiffness Properties of Brushes,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 111, pp. 238–243.
Stango,  R. J., Cariapa,  V., Prasad,  A., and Liang,  S.-K., 1991, “Measurement and Analysis of Brushing Tool Performance Characteristics, Part 1: Stiffness Response,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 113, pp. 283–289.
Stango,  R. J., and Shia,  C.-Y., 1997, “Analysis of Filament Deformation for a Freely Rotating Cup Brush,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 199, pp. 298–306.
Shia, C. Y., Stango, R. J., and Heinrich, S. M., 1989, “Theoretical Analysis of Frictional Effects on Circular Brush Stiffness Properties,” Proc of SME Deburring and Surface Conditioning Conf., Paper No. MR89-143.
Shia,  C. Y., and Stango,  R. J., 1997, “Analysis of Cylindrical Honing Tool for Brushing Cylindrical Surfaces,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 119, pp. 441–444.
Cariapa,  V., Stango,  R. J., Liang,  S.-K., and Prasad,  A., 1991, “Measurement and Analysis of Brushing Tool Performance Characteristics, Part 2: Contact Zone Geometry,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 113, pp. 290–296.
Timoshenko, S. P., and Gere, J. M., 1961, Theory of Elastic Stability, Second Edition, McGraw-Hill, London.
Sarker, A. D., 1980, Friction and Wear, Academic Press, London.
Mitiguy, P. C., and Banerjee, A. K., 1998, Determination of Spring Constants for Modelling Flexible Beams, Knowledge Revolution.
Press, W. H., Flannery, B. P., Teukolsky, S. A., and Vetterling, W. T., 1988, Numerical Recipes in C, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.
Benham, P. P. & Crawford, R. J., 1994, Mechanics of Engineering Materials, First Edition, John Wiley and Sons, p. 610.
Meriam, J. L., and Kraige, L. G., 1993, “Engineering Mechanics,” John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.

Figures

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a) Axial load against brush penetration on concrete; b) Torque against brush penetration on concrete
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a) Theoretical brush power dissipation against brush penetration on lubricated mild steel; b) Theoretical tine strain energy against brush penetration; c) Tine max. stress against brush penetration
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Large diameter cup brush: a) at 120 rpm and 10 cm brush penetration; b) at 40 rpm and 10 cm brush penetration
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Coefficient of friction during adhesion 9
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Stick-slip friction phenomena demonstrated by the test results on concrete
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Brush parameters of large diameter cup brush
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Geometric definitions of brush parameters
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Force analysis of rotating tine
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Free body diagram for rotating tine
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Discrete model of a rotating tine
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Free body diagram for the free end of the tine
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Tine junction constraints
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Flow chart for test automation
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a) Axial load against brush penetration on steel plate; b) Torque against brush penetration on steel plate

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