This paper develops and validates through a series of presentable examples, a comprehensive high-precision, and ultrafast computing concept for solving nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) with cellular neural networks (CNN). The core of this concept is a straightforward scheme that we call "nonlinear adaptive optimization (NAOP),” which is used for a precise template calculation for solving nonlinear ODEs and PDEs through CNN processors. One of the key contributions of this work is to demonstrate the possibility of transforming different types of nonlinearities displayed by various classical and well-known nonlinear equations (e.g., van der Pol-, Rayleigh-, Duffing-, Rössler-, Lorenz-, and Jerk-equations, just to name a few) unto first-order CNN elementary cells, and thereby enabling the easy derivation of corresponding CNN templates. Furthermore, in the case of PDE solving, the same concept also allows a mapping unto first-order CNN cells while considering one or even more nonlinear terms of the Taylor's series expansion generally used in the transformation of a PDE in a set of coupled nonlinear ODEs. Therefore, the concept of this paper does significantly contribute to the consolidation of CNN as a universal and ultrafast solver of nonlinear ODEs and/or PDEs. This clearly enables a CNN-based, real-time, ultraprecise, and low-cost computational engineering. As proof of concept, two examples of well-known ODEs are considered namely a second-order linear ODE and a second order nonlinear ODE of the van der Pol type. For each of these ODEs, the corresponding precise CNN templates are derived and are used to deduce the expected solutions. An implementation of the concept developed is possible even on embedded digital platforms (e.g., field programmable gate array (FPGA), digital signal processor (DSP), graphics processing unit (GPU), etc.). This opens a broad range of applications. Ongoing works (as outlook) are using NAOP for deriving precise templates for a selected set of practically interesting ODEs and PDEs equation models such as Lorenz-, Rössler-, Navier Stokes-, Schrödinger-, Maxwell-, etc.