0
Research Papers

The High Inertance Free Piston Engine Compressor—Part I: Dynamic Modeling

[+] Author and Article Information
Eric J. Barth

e-mail: eric.j.barth@vanderbilt.edu
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Vanderbilt University,
Nashville, TN 37235

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control. Manuscript received March 18, 2011; final manuscript received January 17, 2013; published online April 29, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Nabil Chalhoub.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 135(4), 041003 (Apr 29, 2013) (12 pages) Paper No: DS-11-1078; doi: 10.1115/1.4023759 History: Received March 18, 2011; Revised January 17, 2013

Free piston engine compressors have recently been investigated for the purpose of providing a high pressure air supply for untethered, pneumatically actuated robotic systems. Given that free piston engine performance is highly dependent on the dynamic characteristics of the piston, this paper presents the idea of incorporating a liquid piston whose geometry can be manipulated to achieve the desired piston dynamics while maintaining the compactness and light weight necessary for applications in the power output range of 100 W. An inertance-based dynamic model of the liquid piston is developed and validated experimentally. The piston model is incorporated into a complete system dynamic model of a proposed high inertance free liquid piston compressor (HIFLPC). Critical model parameters for individual components and subsystems of a proposed HIFLPC prototype are experimentally characterized. Simulation results for the proposed prototype are shown and discussed.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Dunn-Rankin, D., Leal, E. M., and Walther, D. C., 2005, “Personal Power Systems,” Progr. Energy Combust. Sci., 31, pp. 422–465. [CrossRef]
Hirai, K., Hirose, M., Haikawa, Y., and Takenaka, T., 1998, “The Development of Honda Humanoid Robot,” Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation (ICRA), Leuven, Belgium, pp. 1321–1326. [CrossRef]
Kuribayashi, K., 1993, “Criteria for the Evaluation of New Actuators as Energy Converters,” Adv. Robotics, 7(4), pp. 289–237. [CrossRef]
Zhu, Y., and Barth, E. J., 2008, “An Energetic Control Methodology for Exploiting the Passive Dynamics of Pneumatically Actuated Hopping,” ASME J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control, 130(4), p. 041004. [CrossRef]
Guihard, M., and Gorce, P., 2004, “Dynamic Control of a Large Scale of Pneumatic Multichain Systems,” J. Robotic Syst., 21(4), pp. 183–192. [CrossRef]
Goldfarb, M., Barth, E. J., Gogola, M. A., and Wehrmeyer, J. A., 2003, “Design and Energetic Characterization of a Liquid-Propellant-Powered Actuator for Self-Powered Robots,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron., 8(2), pp. 254–262. [CrossRef]
Fite, K. B., and Goldfarb, M., 2006, “Design and Energetic Characterization of a Proportional-Injector Monopropellant-Powered Actuator,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron., 11(2), pp. 196–204. [CrossRef]
Riofrio, J. A., and Barth, E. J., 2007, “Design and Analysis of a Resonating Free Liquid-Piston Compressor,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE), Seattle, WA, Nov. 11–15, Paper No. IMECE2007-42369.
Riofrio, J. A., 2007, “Design, Modeling, and Experimental Characterization of a Free Liquid-Piston Engine Compressor With Separated Combustion Chamber,” Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.
Willhite, J. A., and Barth, E. J., 2010, “Experimental Characterization of Critical Dynamic Model Parameters for a Free Liquid Piston Engine Compressor,” 6th FPNI Ph.D. Symposium, West Lafayette, IN, June 15–19, Vol. 2, Session 7, pp. 425–433.
Yong, C., and Barth, E. J., 2009, “Modeling and Control of a High Pressure Combined Air/Fuel Injection System,” ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference & Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, Hollywood, CA, Oct. 12–14, Paper No. DSCC2009-2769, pp. 361–368. [CrossRef]
Annamalai, K., and Puri, I. K., 2006, Combustion Science and Engineering, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 195–196.
Richer, E., and Hurmuzlu, Y., 2000, “A High Performance Pneumatic Force Actuator System: Part 1—Nonlinear Mathematical Model,” ASME J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control, 122(3), pp. 416–425. [CrossRef]
Ben-Dov, D., and Salcudean, S. E., 1995, “A Force-Controlled Pneumatic Actuator,” IEEE Trans. Robotics Auto., 11(6), pp. 906–911. [CrossRef]
Zung, P.-S., and Perng, M.-H., 2002, “Nonlinear Dynamic Model of a Two-Stage Pressure Relief Valve for Designers,” ASME J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control, 124(1), pp. 62–66. [CrossRef]
Willhite, J. A., Yong, C., and Barth, E. J., 2013, “The High Inertance Free Piston Engine Compressor—Part II: Design and Experimental Evaluation,” ASME J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control, 135(xx), p. xxxxxx. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

FLPC major features

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic of the high inertance free liquid piston compressor (HIFLPC)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Three regions of a generic liquid piston contained by diaphragms or sliding pistons on both ends. The dashed lines show the idealized shapes used for model development.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Diagram of the HIFLPC control volumes and mass flows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Experimental setup used to validate the liquid piston model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Experimental piston response compared to the liquid piston dynamic model (for isentropic adiabatic and isothermal models of the response chamber)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Diaphragm stiffness test setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Volume displaced by the diaphragm for given pressure differentials, and the least squares fit of Eq. (33)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Bosch 0 280 150 846 CNG fuel injector

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

(a) Injectors mounted to combustion head. (b) Injector check valve flaps (one in place, the second removed revealing one of the injector ports).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Air/fuel injection test setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Measured versus modeled response of the air and fuel injectors for a driving pressure of 647 kPa (79.2 psig)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Measured versus modeled response of the air and fuel injectors for a driving pressure of 431 kPa (47.9 psig)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Empirical determination of metal-flap check valve influence on air and fuel injectors

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

(a) Pump check valve piston and spring. (b) Check valve location in compression chamber.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

(a) Control volume pressures for simulated HIFLPC cycle. (b) Volumes of the combustion and compression chamber during cycle.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Mass flow from compression chamber to reservoir

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Energy storage in HIFLPC cycle

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In