In this paper, an adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control strategy, which combines the merits of sliding mode control and adaptive fuzzy control, is proposed to control the MEMS gyroscope in the presence of model uncertainties and external disturbances. The adaptive fuzzy systems are employed to approximate both the equivalent control term and the sliding mode controller. Then the switching control becomes continuous and the chattering phenomena can be attenuated. The adaptation laws based on the Lyapunov analysis can adaptively adjust the fuzzy rules to guarantee the asymptotical stability of the adaptive fuzzy closed-loop control system. Numerical simulations are investigated to verify the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive fuzzy control schemes.