0
Technical Brief

Investigation of Impact Profile and Isolation Effect in Automated Impact Device Design and Control for Operational Modal Analysis

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. C. Ong

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering,
University of Malaya,
Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
e-mails: zhichao83@gmail.com;
alexongzc@um.edu.my

C. C. Lee

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering,
University of Malaya,
Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
e-mail: maxleecc@siswa.um.edu.my

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received December 25, 2014; final manuscript received April 22, 2015; published online June 24, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Dumitru I. Caruntu.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 137(9), 094504 (Sep 01, 2015) (5 pages) Paper No: DS-14-1550; doi: 10.1115/1.4030526 History: Received December 25, 2014; Revised April 22, 2015; Online June 24, 2015

A novel modal analysis technique called impact-synchronous modal analysis (ISMA) was introduced in previous research. With the utilization of impact-synchronous time averaging (ISTA), this modal analysis can be performed in presence of ambient forces whereas the conventional analysis method requires machines to be totally shut down. However, lack of information of phase angles with respect to impact in ISMA has caused it to be labor-intensive and time-consuming. An automated impact device (AID) is introduced in this study in the effort to replace the manually operated impact hammer and prepare it to be used in the current practice of ISMA on the purpose of enhancing its effectiveness and practicability. Impact profile and isolation effect are noted to be the contributing parameters in this study. This paper devoted on calibrating and controlling of the AID which gives the desired impact profiles as compared to the manual impact hammer. The AID is found effective in the determination of dynamic characteristics when the device is isolated from the boundary condition of the test structure.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Ismail, Z., 2012, “Application of Residuals From Regression of Experimental Mode Shapes to Locate Multiple Crack Damage in a Simply Supported Reinforced Concrete Beam,” Measurement, 45(6), pp. 1455–1461. [CrossRef]
Ismail, Z., Khov, H., and Li, W. L., 2013, “Determination of Material Properties of Orthotropic Plates With General Boundary Conditions Using Inverse Method and Fourier Series,” Measurement, 46(3), pp. 1169–1177. [CrossRef]
Monajemi, H., Razak, H. A., and Ismail, Z., 2013, “Damage Detection in Frame Structures Using Damage Locating Vectors,” Measurement, 46(9), pp. 3541–3548. [CrossRef]
Nakanishi, T., Yin, X. G., and Shabana, A. A., 1996, “Dynamics of Multibody Tracked Vehicles Using Experimentally Identified Modal Parameters,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control, 118(3), pp. 499–507. [CrossRef]
Collinger, J. C., Wickert, J. A., and Corr, L. R., 2009, “Adaptive Piezoelectric Vibration Control With Synchronized Switching,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control, 131(4), p. 041006. [CrossRef]
Schoen, M. P., Hoover, R. C., Chinvorarat, S., and Schoen, G. M., 2009, “System Identification and Robust Controller Design Using Genetic Algorithms for Flexible Space Structures,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control, 131(3), p. 031003. [CrossRef]
Dilena, M., and Morassi, A., 2004, “Experimental Modal Analysis of Steel Concrete Composite Beams With Partially Damaged Connection,” J. Vib. Control, 10(6), pp. 897–913. [CrossRef]
Rahman, A. G. A., Chao, O. Z., and Ismail, Z., 2011, “Effectiveness of Impact-Synchronous Time Averaging in Determination of Dynamic Characteristics of a Rotor Dynamic System,” Measurement, 44(1), pp. 34–45. [CrossRef]
Rahman, A. G. A., Ong, Z. C., and Ismail, Z., 2011, “Enhancement of Coherence Functions Using Time Signals in Modal Analysis,” Measurement, 44(10), pp. 2112–2123. [CrossRef]
Rahman, A. G. A., Ismail, Z., Noroozi, S., and Ong, Z. C., 2014, “Enhancement of Impact-Synchronous Modal Analysis (ISMA) With Number of Averages,” J. Vib. Control, 20(11), pp. 1645–1655. [CrossRef]
Baharin, N. H., and Rahman, R. A., 2009, “Effect of Accelerometer Mass on Thin Plate Vibration,” J. Mek., 29, pp. 100–111.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Equipment setup with test rig

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Consistent impact interval and level by AID

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Impact contact time comparison (a) benchmarked manual impact hammer and (b) AID

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Overlaid frequency response function by (a) manual impact hammer (set 1), (b) AID without isolation (set 2), and (c) AID with isolation (set 3)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Comparison of percentage difference of natural frequency

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In