Nonlinear control of aircraft engines has attracted much attention in consideration of the inherent nonlinearity of the engine dynamics. Most of the nonlinear design techniques, however, require the information from the rotational speeds of both high-pressure compressor and fan. This is not desirable from engine health management perspective, and this paper proposes a single sensor measurement and single actuator control approach. The proposed method can provide fast regulation of engine speed in a finite-time in comparison with conventional infinite time stability. Important results are obtained on both controller design and disturbance tolerance. Numerical examples are provided for validation of the proposed finite-time controller, demonstrating fast regulation property and remarkable disturbance tolerance capability.