This paper develops an adaptive dynamic surface algorithm for designing the control law for uncertain hysteretic structural systems with seismic disturbances that can be converted to a semi strict feedback form. Hysteretic behavior is usually described by Bouc–Wen model for hysteretic structural systems like base isolation systems. Adaptive sliding mode and adaptive backstepping algorithms are also studied and simulated for comparison purposes. The presented simulation results indicate the effectiveness of the proposed control law in reducing displacement, velocity and acceleration responses of the structural system with acceptable control force. Moreover, using dynamic surface control (DSC), the study analyzes the stability of the controlled system based on the Lyapunov theory.