This paper presents a many-objective optimal (MOO) control design of an adaptive and robust sliding mode control (SMC). A second-order system is used as an example to demonstrate the design method. The robustness of the closed-loop system in terms of stability and disturbance rejection are explicitly considered in the optimal design, in addition to the typical time-domain performance specifications such as the rise time, tracking error, and control effort. The genetic algorithm is used to solve for the many-objective optimization problem (MOOP). The optimal solutions known as the Pareto set and the corresponding objective functions known as the Pareto front are presented. To assist the decision-maker to choose from the solution set, we present a post-processing algorithm that operates on the Pareto front. Numerical simulations show that the proposed many-objective optimal control design and the post-processing algorithm are promising.