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SI-HCCI Mode Transitions without Open-Loop Sequence Scheduling: Control Architecture and Experimental Validation

[+] Author and Article Information
Patrick Gorzelic

Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109
pgoz@umich.edu

Anna G. Stefanopoulou

Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109
annastef@umich.edu

Jeff Sterniak

Robert Bosch LLC Farmington Hills, MI 48331
jeff.sterniak@us.bosch.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036232 History: Received September 29, 2015; Revised February 16, 2017

Abstract

This paper describes a model-based feedback control method to transition from spark ignition (SI) to homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in gasoline engines. The purpose of the control structure is to improve robustness and reduce calibration complexity by incorporating feedback of the engine variables into nonlinear model-based calculations which inherently generalize across operating points. This type of structure is sought as an alternative to prior SI-HCCI transition approaches which involve open-loop calibration of input command sequences which must be scheduled by operating condition. The control architecture is designed for cam switching type SI-HCCI mode transition strategies with practical two-stage cam profile hardware, which previously have only been investigated in a purely open-loop framework. Experimental results on a prototype engine show that the control architecture is able to carry out SI-HCCI transitions across the HCCI load range at 2000 RPM engine speed while requiring variation of only one major set point and three minor set points with operating condition. These results suggest a noteworthy improvement in controller generality and ease of calibration relative to previous SI-HCCI transition approaches.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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