0
Research Papers

Self-Powered Dynamic Systems in the Framework of Optimal Uncertainty Quantification

[+] Author and Article Information
Farbod Khoshnoud

Mem. ASME
Department of Mechanical,
Aerospace and Civil Engineering,
Brunel University London,
Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Lyles College of Engineering,
California State University,
2320 East San Ramon Avenue,
Fresno, CA 93740-8030
e-mails: kfarbod@csufresno.edu;
farbodkhf@yahoo.com

Ibrahim I. Esat

Department of Mechanical,
Aerospace and Civil Engineering,
Brunel University London,
Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
e-mail: Ibrahim.Esat@brunel.ac.uk

Clarence W. de Silva

Fellow ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
e-mail: desilva@mech.ubc.ca

Michael M. McKerns

Department of Computing
and Mathematical Sciences,
California Institute of Technology,
1200 East California Boulevard,
Pasadena, CA 91125
e-mail: mmckerns@caltech.edu

Houman Owhadi

Department of Computing
and Mathematical Sciences,
California Institute of Technology,
1200 East California Boulevard,
Pasadena, CA 91125
e-mail: owhadi@caltech.edu

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lyles College of Engineering, California State University, 2320 East San Ramon Avenue, Fresno, CA 93740-8030, e-mails: kfarbod@csufresno.edu; farbodkhf@yahoo.com.

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received March 8, 2016; final manuscript received March 7, 2017; published online June 5, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Yang Shi.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 139(9), 091005 (Jun 05, 2017) (13 pages) Paper No: DS-16-1130; doi: 10.1115/1.4036367 History: Received March 08, 2016; Revised March 07, 2017

The energy that is needed for operating a self-powered device is provided by the energy excess in the system in the form of kinetic energy, or a combination of regenerative and renewable energy. This paper addresses the energy exchange issues pertaining to regenerative and renewable energy in the development of a self-powered dynamic system. A rigorous framework that explores the supply and demand of energy for self-powered systems is developed, which considers uncertainties and optimal bounds, in the context of optimal uncertainty quantification. Examples of regenerative and solar-powered systems are given, and the analysis of self-powered feedback control for developing a fully self-powered dynamic system is discussed.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Khoshnoud, F. , Zhang, Y. , Shimura, R. , Shahba, A. , Jin, G. , Pissanidis, G. , Chen, Y. K. , and De Silva, C. W. , 2015, “ Energy Regeneration From Suspension Dynamic Modes and Self-Powered Actuation,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron., 20(5), pp. 2513–2524. [CrossRef]
De Silva, C. W. , Khoshnoud, F. , Li, M. , and Halgamuge, S. K. , eds., 2015, “ Self-Powered and Biologically Inspired Dynamic Systems,” Mechatronics: Fundamentals and Applications, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, Chap. 12.
Khoshnoud, F. , Dell, D. J. , de Silva, C. W. , Chen, Y. , Owhadi, H. , and Calay, R. K. , 2013, “ Self-Powered Dynamic Systems,” European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences, Munich, Germany, July 1–5, Paper No. 275.
Khoshnoud, F. , Lu, J. , Zhang, Y. , Folkson, R. , and De Silva, C. W. , 2014, “ Suspension Energy Regeneration for Random Excitations and Self-Powered Actuation,” IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), San Diego, CA, Oct. 5–8, pp. 2549–2554.
Khoshnoud, F. , McKerns, M. , De Silva, C. W. , Esat, I. I. , Bonser, R. H. C. , and Owhadi, H. , 2016, “ Self-Powered and Bio-Inspired Dynamic Systems: Research and Education,” ASME Paper No. IMECE2016-65276.
Khoshnoud, F. , and De Silva, C. W. , 2015, “ Mechatronics Issues of Vehicle Control and Self-Powered Systems,” Advanced Autonomous Vehicle Design for Severe Environments, V. V. Vantsevich and M. V. Blundell , eds., IOS Press, Fairfax, VA, Chap. 8.
Khoshnoud, F. , Sundar, D. B. , Badi, N. M. , Chen, Y. K. , Calay, R. K. , and de Silva, C. W. , 2013, “ Energy Harvesting From Suspension Systems Using Regenerative Force Actuators,” Int. J. Veh. Noise Vib., 9(3/4), pp. 294–311. [CrossRef]
Khoshnoud, F. , Owhadi, H. , de Silva, C. W. , Zhu, W. , and Ventura, C. E. , 2011, “ Energy Harvesting From Ambient Vibration With a Nanotube Based Oscillator for Remote Vibration Monitoring,” 23rd Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 5–9, pp. 805–808.
Williams, C. B. , and Yates, R. B. , 1996, “ Analysis of a Micro-Electric Generator for Microsystems,” Sens. Actuators, A, 52(1–3), pp. 8–11. [CrossRef]
James, E. P. , Tudor, M. J. , Beeby, S. P. , Harris, N. R. , Glynne-Jones, P. , Ross, J. N. , and White, N. M. , 2004, “ An Investigation of Self-Powered Systems for Condition Monitoring Applications,” Sens. Actuators, A, 110(1–3), pp. 171–176. [CrossRef]
Roundy, S. , Wright, P. K. , and Rabaey, J. , 2003, “ A Study of Low Level Vibrations as a Power Source for Wireless Sensor Nodes,” Comput. Commun., 26(11), pp. 1131–1144. [CrossRef]
Stephen, N. G. , 2006, “ On Energy Harvesting From Ambient Vibration,” J. Sound Vib., 293(1–2), pp. 409–425. [CrossRef]
Wang, Z. L. , 2012, “ Self-Powered Nanosensors and Nanosystems,” Adv. Mater., 24(2), pp. 280–285. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Erturk, A. , and Inman, D. J. , 2011, Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting, Wiley, Chichester, UK.
Khoshnoud, F. , and De Silva, C. W. , 2012, “ Recent Advances in MEMS Sensor Technology—Mechanical Applications,” IEEE Instrum. Meas., 15(2), pp. 14–24. [CrossRef]
Ibrahim, S. W. , and Ali, W. G. , 2012, “ A Review on Frequency Tuning Methods for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Systems,” J. Renewable Sustainable Energy, 4(6), p. 062703. [CrossRef]
Stanton, S. C. , McGehee, C. C. , and Mann, B. P. , 2010, “ Nonlinear Dynamics for Broadband Energy Harvesting: Investigation of a Bistable Piezoelectric Inertial Generator,” Physica D, 239(10), pp. 640–653. [CrossRef]
Kong, N. , and Ha, D. S. , 2012, “ Low-Power Design of a Self-Powered Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System With Maximum Power Point Tracking,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 27(5), pp. 2298–2308. [CrossRef]
Scruggs, J. T. , 2004, “ Structural Control Using Regenerative Force Actuation Networks,” Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.
Scruggs, J. T. , and R. E. Skelton , 2006, “ Regenerative Tensegrity Structures for Energy Harvesting Applications,” 45th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), San Diego, CA, Dec. 13–15, pp. 2282–2287.
Nakano, K. , Suda, Y. , and Nakadai, S. , 2003, “ Self-Powered Active Vibration Control Using a Single Electric Actuator,” J. Sound Vib., 260(2), pp. 213–235. [CrossRef]
Zuo, L. , Scully, B. , Shestani, J. , and Zhou, Y. , 2010, “ Design and Characterization of an Electromagnetic Energy Harvester for Vehicle Suspensions,” Smart Mater. Struct., 19(4), p. 045003. [CrossRef]
Zuo, L. , and Zhang, P. , 2012, “ Energy Harvesting, Ride Comfort, and Road Handling of Regenerative Vehicle Suspensions,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 135(1), p. 011002. [CrossRef]
Karnopp, D. , 1992, “ Power Requirements for Vehicle Suspension Systems,” Veh. Syst. Dyn., 21(1), pp. 65–71. [CrossRef]
Goldner, R. , Zerigian, P. , and Hull, J. , 2001, “ A Preliminary Study of Energy Recovery in Vehicles by Using Regenerative Magnetic Shock Absorbers,” SAE Paper No. 2001-01-2071.
Kawamoto, Y. , Suda, Y. , Inoue, H. , and Kondo, T. , 2007, “ Modeling of Electromagnetic Damper for Automobile Suspension,” J. Syst. Des. Dyn., 1(3), pp. 524–535.
Faris, W. F. , Ihsan, S. I. , and Ahmadian, M. , 2009, “ A Comparative Ride Performance and Dynamic Analysis of Passive and Semi-Active Suspension Systems Based on Different Vehicle Models,” Int. J. Veh. Noise Vib., 5(1/2), pp. 116–140. [CrossRef]
Shen, W.-A. , Zhu, S. , and Xu, Y.-L. , 2012, “ An Experimental Study on Self-Powered Vibration Control and Monitoring System Using Electromagnetic TMD and Wireless Sensors,” Sens. Actuators, A, 180, pp. 166–176. [CrossRef]
Dumas, A. , Madonia, M. , Giuliani, I. , and Trancossi, M. , 2011, “ Multibody Advanced Airship for Transport,” SAE Paper No. 2011-01-2786.
CORDIS, 2011, “ Multibody Advanced Airship for Transport,” European Union Publications Office, Luxembourg, UK, accessed Apr. 8, 2017, http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/99650_en.html
Khoshnoud, F. , Chen, Y. K. , and Calay, R. K. , 2013, “ On Power and Control Systems of Multibody Advanced Airship for Transport,” Int. J. Modell., Identif. Control, 18(4), pp. 313–322. [CrossRef]
Lamb, R. , Shrestha, A. , Wasely, K. , Zand, Z. , Kongolo, E. , and Patel, D. , 2015, “ Brunel Solar Powered Airship,” Master's thesis, Brunel University, London.
Khoshnoud, F., and De Silva, C. W., 2017, “ Self-Powered Solar Aerial Vehicles: Towards Infinite Endurance UAVs,” (to be published).
Wang, H. , Luo, T. , Fan, Y. , Lu, Z. , Song, H. , and Blain Christen, J. , 2015, “ A Self-Powered Single-Axis Maximum Power Direction Tracking System With an On-Chip Sensor,” Sol. Energy, 112, pp. 100–107. [CrossRef]
Peng, X. , Li, Q. , and Wang, K. , 2015, “ Dynamic Compensation of Vanadium Self Powered Neutron Detectors Based on Luenberger Form Filter,” Prog. Nucl. Energy, 78, pp. 190–195. [CrossRef]
Liang, Q. , Zhanga, Z. , Yan, X. , Gu, Y. , Zhao, Y. , Zhang, G. , Lu, S. , Liao, Q. , and Zhang, Y. , 2015, “ Functional Triboelectric Generator as Self-Powered Vibration Sensor With Contact Mode and Non-Contact Mode,” Nano Energy, 14, pp. 209–216. [CrossRef]
Wang, S. , Lin, L. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Triboelectric Nanogenerators as Self-Powered Active Sensors,” Nano Energy, 11, pp. 436–462. [CrossRef]
Ewing, T. , Babauta, J. T. , Atci, E. , Tang, N. , Orellana, J. , Heo, D. , and Beyenal, H. , 2014, “ Self-Powered Wastewater Treatment for the Enhanced Operation of a Facultative Lagoon,” J. Power Sources, 269, pp. 284–292. [CrossRef]
Liu, W. , Formosa, F. , Badel, A. , Wu, Y. , and Agbossou, A. , 2014, “ Self-Powered Nonlinear Harvesting Circuit With a Mechanical Switch Structure for a Bistable Generator With Stoppers,” Sens. Actuators, A, 216, pp. 106–115. [CrossRef]
Hanashi, T. , Yamazaki, T. , Tanaka, H. , Ikebukuro, K. , Tsugawa, W. , and Sodea, K. , 2014, “ The Development of an Autonomous Self-Powered Bio-Sensing Actuator,” Sens. Actuators, B, 196, pp. 429–433. [CrossRef]
Pinyou, P. , Conzuelo, F. , Sliozberg, K. , Vivekananthan, J. , Contin, A. , Pöller, S. , Plumeré, N. , and Schuhmann, W. , 2015, “ Coupling of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell to an Electrochemical Cell for Self-Powered Glucose Sensing With Optical Readout,” Bioelectrochemistry, 106(Pt. A), pp. 22–27. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Li, Y. , Cheng, G. , Lin, Z.-H. , Yang, J. , Lin, L. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Single-Electrode-Based Rotationary Triboelectric Nanogenerator and Its Applications as Self-Powered Contact Area and Eccentric Angle Sensors,” Nano Energy, 11, pp. 323–332. [CrossRef]
Zhu, H. R. , Tang, W. , Gao, C. Z. , Han, Y. , Li, T. , Cao, X. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Self-Powered Metal Surface Anti-Corrosion Protection Using Energy Harvested From Rain Drops and Wind,” Nano Energy, 14, pp. 193–200. [CrossRef]
Chen, S. , Gao, C. , Tang, W. , Zhu, H. , Han, Y. , Jiang, Q. , Li, T. , Cao, X. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Self-Powered Cleaning of Air Pollution by Wind Driven Triboelectric Nanogenerator,” Nano Energy, 14, pp. 217–225. [CrossRef]
Bai, P. , Zhu, G. , Jing, Q. , Wu, Y. , Yang, J. , Chen, J. , Ma, J. , Zhang, G. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Transparent and Flexible Barcode Based on Sliding Electrification for Self-Powered Identification Systems,” Nano Energy, 12, pp. 278–286. [CrossRef]
Meng, X. S. , Li, H. Y. , Zhu, G. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Fully Enclosed Bearing-Structured Self-Powered Rotation Sensor Based on Electrification at Rolling Interfaces for Multi-Tasking Motion Measurement,” Nano Energy, 12, pp. 606–611. [CrossRef]
Gai, P.-P. , Ji, Y.-S. , Wang, W.-J. , Song, R.-B. , Zhu, C. , Chen, Y. , Zhang, J.-R. , and Zhu, J.-J. , 2016, “ Ultrasensitive Self-Powered Cytosensor,” Nano Energy, 19, pp. 541–549. [CrossRef]
Jiang, Q. , Han, Y. , Tang, W. , Zhu, H. , Gao, C. , Chen, S. , Willander, M. , Cao, X. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Self-Powered Seawater Desalination and Electrolysis Using Flowing Kinetic Energy,” Nano Energy, 15, pp. 266–274. [CrossRef]
Luo, J. , Fan, F. R. , Zhou, T. , Tang, W. , Xue, F. , and Wang, Z. L. , 2015, “ Ultrasensitive Self-Powered Pressure Sensing System,” Extreme Mech. Lett., 2, pp. 28–36. [CrossRef]
Owhadi, H. , Scovel, C. , Sullivan, T. , McKerns, M. , and Ortiz, M. , 2013, “ Optimal Uncertainty Quantification,” SIAM Rev., 55(2), pp. 271–345. [CrossRef]
Owhadi, H. , and Scovel, C. , 2016, Handbook of Uncertainty Quantification, Springer International Publishing, Basel, Switzerland, pp. 1–35.
Wong, J. Y. , 2001, Theory of Ground Vehicles, 3rd ed., Wiley, New York.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

A regenerative multibody dynamic system with motors and generators and energy inputs

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Examples of self-powered dynamic systems: (a) a regenerative electromechanical system, (b) a schematic of the regenerative system, (c) a solar-powered aerial vehicle, and (d) a free-body diagram of the airship

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

A schematic for a self-powered dynamic system with renewable energy input and a regenerative system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

A self-powered dynamic system with renewable energy input and regenerative actuation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

I–V and P–V curves for a PV cell

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Nondimensional power, Pdγ, γ=a/b

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Nondimensional power, Pdγ, versus σ and γ

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Nondimensional power, Pdλ, λ=b/a

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Nondimensional power, Pdλ, versus σ and λ

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

(a) Relative displacement, (b) actuator force, (c) power produced by the generator, (d)power consumed by the actuator, (e) resistor power loss, and (f) available net power

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Displacement of the system for three different control parameter sets and the corresponding control force

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

(a) Generator power and consumed actuator power for different controller parameter sets and (b) total available net power for different controller parameter sets

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

(a) Relative displacement, (b) actuator force, (c) power produced by the generator, (d) power consumed by the actuator, (e) resistor power loss, and (f) available net power

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Displacement of the system with different control parameter sets and the corresponding control force

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

(a) Generator power and the consumed actuator power with different controller parameter sets and (b) total available net power with different controller parameter sets

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

(a) Relative displacement, (b) actuator force, (c) power produced by the generator, (d) power consumed by the actuator, (e) resistor power loss, and (f) available net power

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Displacement of the system for three different control parameter sets and the corresponding control force

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

(a) Generator power and consumed actuator power for different controller parameter sets and (b) total available net power for different controller parameter sets

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In