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Research Papers

SI–HCCI Mode Transitions Without Open-Loop Sequence Scheduling: Online Parameter Adaptation

[+] Author and Article Information
Patrick Gorzelic

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
e-mail: pgoz@umich.edu

Anna Stefanopoulou

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
e-mail: annastef@umich.edu

Jeff Sterniak

Robert Bosch LLC,
Farmington Hills, MI 48331
e-mail: jeff.sterniak@us.bosch.com

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received September 29, 2015; final manuscript received February 16, 2017; published online June 1, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Junmin Wang.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 139(8), 081015 (Jun 01, 2017) (8 pages) Paper No: DS-15-1471; doi: 10.1115/1.4036407 History: Received September 29, 2015; Revised February 16, 2017

A parameter adaptation method for a previously developed spark ignition (SI) to homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion mode transition control architecture is described. The goal of the adaptive method is to use transient SI–HCCI transition data gathered in online operation to tune the controller model parameters on a cylinder individual basis, in order to improve the accuracy of the controller's model-based calculations and account for cylinder to cylinder variability and drifts over time. The parameter adaptation is implemented on an experimental engine in an indirect adaptive control structure where the model parameters of the SI–HCCI transition controller are updated based on real-time measurements and used in subsequent model-based calculations. Comparison of SI–HCCI transition responses before and after adaptation at a single operating condition shows notable benefits from use of the adaptive method. When tested at differing operating points, the performance of the adapted controller remains overwhelmingly favorable to that of the baseline controller even when conditioned on data from only a single operating point.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

SI–HCCI mode transitions before (left) and after (right) successive adaptations at an intermediate HCCI load operating condition. The first and second cylinders to enter HCCI are referred to as H1 and H2, respectively.

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Fig. 2

Successive SI–HCCI mode transition trials at an intermediate HCCI load operating condition with adaptation active. The first and second cylinders to enter HCCI are referred to as H1 and H2, respectively.

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Fig. 3

Selected parameter trajectories from simulation of successive adaptive SI–HCCI trials at one operating condition to convey the divergence observed with the baseline least squares update law (left) and the prevention of such divergence using the directional forgetting least squares update law (right)

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Fig. 4

SI–HCCI mode transitions near the low load HCCI limit before (left) and after (right) successive adaptations at the operating condition of Sec. 3.1

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Fig. 5

SI–HCCI mode transitions near the high load HCCI limit before (left) and after (right) successive adaptations at the operating condition of Sec. 3.1

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Fig. 6

SI–HCCI mode transitions with negative 250 RPM speed perturbation before (left) and after (right) successive adaptations at the operating condition of Sec. 3.1

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Fig. 7

SI–HCCI mode transitions with positive 250 RPM speed perturbation before (left) and after (right) successive adaptations at the operating condition of Sec. 3.1

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