Research Papers

Dynamics of Flywheel Energy Storage System With Permanent Magnetic Bearing and Spiral Groove Bearing

[+] Author and Article Information
Yujiang Qiu

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Southeast University,
2 Southeast Road,
JiangNing District,
Nanjing 211189, China

Shuyun Jiang

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Southeast University,
2 Southeast Road,
JiangNing District,
Nanjing 211189, China
e-mail: jiangshy@seu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received February 8, 2017; final manuscript received July 7, 2017; published online September 20, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Davide Spinello.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 140(2), 021006 (Sep 20, 2017) (8 pages) Paper No: DS-17-1074; doi: 10.1115/1.4037297 History: Received February 08, 2017; Revised July 07, 2017

Developing a flywheel energy storage system (FESS) with permanent magnetic bearing (PMB) and spiral groove bearing (SGB) brings a great challenge to dynamic control for the rotor system. In this paper, a pendulum-tuned mass damper is developed for 100 kg-class FESS to suppress low-frequency vibration of the system; the dynamic model with four degrees-of-freedom is built for the FESS using Lagrange's theorem; mode characteristics, critical speeds, and unbalance responses of the system are analyzed via theory and experiment. A comparison between the theoretical results and the experiment ones shows that the pendulum-tuned mass damper is effective, the dynamic model is appropriate, and the FESS can run smoothly within the working speed range.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Bakay, L. , Dubois, M. , Viarouge, P. , and Ruel, J. , 2009, “ Losses in an Optimized 8-Pole Radial AMB for Long Term Flywheel Energy Storage,” International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 15–18, pp. 1–6.
Bai, J. G. , Zhang, X. Z. , and Wang, L. M. , 2012, “ A Flywheel Energy Storage System With Active Magnetic Bearings,” Energy Procedia, 16(Pt. B), pp. 1124–1128. [CrossRef]
Kailasan, A. , Dimond, T. , Allaire, P. , and Sheffler, D. , 2015, “ Design and Analysis of a Unique Energy Storage Flywheel System—An Integrated Flywheel, Motor/Generator, and Magnetic Bearing Configuration,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbine Power, 137(4), p. 042505. [CrossRef]
Lee, K. , Kim, B. , Ko, J. , Jeong, S. , and Lee, S. S. , 2007, “ Advanced Design and Experiment of a Small-Sized Flywheel Energy Storage System Using a High-Temperature Superconductor Bearing,” Supercond. Sci. Technol., 20(7), pp. 634–639. [CrossRef]
Lee, H. , Jung, S. , Cho, Y. , Yoon, D. , and Jang, G. , 2013, “ Peak Power Reduction and Energy Efficiency Improvement With the Superconducting Flywheel Energy Storage in Electric Railway System,” Phys. C: Supercond., 494, pp. 246–249. [CrossRef]
Arai, Y. , Seino, H. , Yoshizawa, K. , and Nagashima, K. , 2013, “ Development of Superconducting Magnetic Bearing With Superconducting Coil and Bulk Superconductor for Flywheel Energy Storage System,” Phys. C: Supercond., 494, pp. 250–254. [CrossRef]
Murakami, K. , Komori, M. , Mitsuda, H. , and Inoue, A. , 2007, “ Design of an Energy Storage Flywheel System Using Permanent Magnet Bearing (PMB) and Superconducting Magnetic Bearing (SMB),” Cryogenics, 47(4), pp. 272–277. [CrossRef]
Mitsuda, H. , Inoue, A. , Nakaya, B. , and Komori, M. , 2009, “ Improvement of Energy Storage Flywheel System With SMB and PMB and Its Performances,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 19(3), pp. 2091–2094. [CrossRef]
Jiang, S. , Wang, H. , and Wen, S. , 2014, “ Flywheel Energy Storage System With a Permanent Magnet Bearing and a Pair of Hybrid Ceramic Ball Bearings,” J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 28(12), pp. 5043–5053. [CrossRef]
Dai, X. , Shen, Z. , and Wei, H. , 2001, “ On the Vibration of Rotor-Bearing System With Squeeze Film Damper in an Energy Storage Flywheel,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 43(11), pp. 2525–2540. [CrossRef]
Wang, H. , Jiang, S. , and Shen, Z. , 2009, “ The Dynamic Analysis of an Energy Storage Flywheel System With Hybrid Bearing Support,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 131(5), p. 051006. [CrossRef]
Dai, X. , Shen, Z. , and Wei, H. , 2002, “ Study on Whirl Modal Damping of Energy Storage Flywheel-Bearing System,” J. Vib. Eng. (In Chinese), 15(1), pp. 98–101.
Jiang, S. , and Ju, L. , 2006, “ Study on Electromechanical Coupling Nonlinear Vibration of Flywheel Energy Storage System,” Sci. China Ser. E, 49(1), pp. 61–77. [CrossRef]
Li, D. , and Lu, Q. , 2004, Analysis of Experiments in Engineering Vibration, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China, Chap. 9.
Muszynska, A. , 2005, Rotordynamics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, p. 145. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) The schematic of the FESS and (b) dynamic model of rotor-bearing system for FESS

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The detail structure of the upper support

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The detail structure of the lower support

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Modal identification system of rotor-bearing system: (a) the schematic and (b) the photos

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Modal frequencies and shapes of the FESS: (a) theoretical results and (b) test results

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6 (a)

Damping ratios and (b) frequencies of the first-order mode

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Modal frequencies of the FESS

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Test rig of unbalance response for the FESS: (a) the schematic, (b) and (c) photos of FESS and measuring system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Amplitude-frequency responses at: (a) the flywheel top and (b) the lower damper

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The dynamic behavior of the FESS: (a) being stationary, (b) within first critical speed, and (c) exceeding critical speed




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In