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Control-Oriented Modeling of the Dynamics of Stirling Engine Regenerators

[+] Author and Article Information
Mitchel J. Craun

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
craunm@gmail.com

Bassam Bamieh

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California,Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
bamieh@engr.ucsb.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037838 History: Received December 28, 2015; Revised August 24, 2017

Abstract

We develop a first-principles model of the regenerator component of a generic Stirling engine. The model is based on the Euler equations of one dimensional gas dynamics coupled with its convective/conductive heat transfer with the embedded mesh material. We investigate various methods for deriving simpler and low order control-oriented models from this first principles model. The basic criterion being high fidelity representation of the dynamics of the regenerator when coupled to other dynamic components of the engine. We identify several non-dimensional parameters that potentially categorize different modes of operation, and investigate the corresponding time-scale separation. A hierarchy of singularly perturbed models are derived in which acoustic dynamics are eliminated, periodic mesh dynamics are averaged, and the shape of the distributed regenerator gas state is approximated respectively. In addition, since the reduced model is to be operated cyclically when connected to other parts of the engine, we develop such a feedback-aware model reduction algorithm based on a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) with a chirped signal input (chirp-POD). This algorithm yields reduced models that are accurate over a range of engine operating frequencies.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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