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Research Papers

Coupling Effects of Double Lungs on Dynamic Characteristics of Volume-Controlled Mechanical Insufflation-Exsufflation Secretion Clearance System

[+] Author and Article Information
Dongkai Shen

School of Automation Science
and Electrical Engineering,
Beihang University,
Beijing 100191, China;
Beijing Engineering Research Center
of Diagnosis and Treatment of
Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,
Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,
Beijing 100043, China;
The State Key Laboratory of Fluid
Power Transmission and Control,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China

Yanjun Zhou

School of Automation Science
and Electrical Engineering,
Beihang University,
Beijing 100191, China

Yan Shi

School of Automation Science
and Electrical Engineering,
Beihang University,
Beijing 100191, China;
Beijing Engineering Research Center
of Diagnosis and Treatment of
Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,
Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,
Beijing 100043, China;
The State Key Laboratory of Fluid
Power Transmission and Control,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China
e-mail: yesoyou@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received July 10, 2017; final manuscript received December 7, 2017; published online January 19, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Evangelos Papadopoulos.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 140(7), 071008 (Jan 19, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: DS-17-1346; doi: 10.1115/1.4038715 History: Received July 10, 2017; Revised December 07, 2017

Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) secretion clearance system is usually utilized to help patients to clear secretion. In this paper, to obtain the essential dynamic characteristics of volume-controlled (VC) MI-E secretion clearance system with double lungs, a dimensionless model of the MI-E secretion clearance system is derived. Furthermore, for the validation of the mathematical model, a prototype VC MI-E secretion clearance system is proposed. Finally, to reveal the impact of key parameters on VC MI-E secretion clearance system, a dimensionless orthogonal experiment with four factors and five levels was processed. And then, coupling effects of two lungs on VC MI-E secretion clearance system were illustrated. This paper can be referred to in treatment of secretion clearance with VC secretion clearance system.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Simplified secretion clearance system

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Fig. 2

Experimental apparatus

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Fig. 3

Dimensionless flow results in the tract

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Fig. 4

Dimensionless pressure results in the tract

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Fig. 5

Dimensionless flow results in the lung with splints

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Fig. 6

Dimensionless pressure results in the lung with splints

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Fig. 7

Dimensionless flow results in the latex lung

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Fig. 8

Dimensionless pressure results in the latex lung

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Fig. 9

Dynamics of dimensionless flow in lung with splints with different Cl*

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Fig. 10

Dynamics of dimensionless pressure in lung with splints with different Cl*

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Fig. 11

Dynamics of dimensionless flow in latex lung with different Cl*

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Fig. 12

Dynamics of dimensionless pressure in latex lung with different Cl*

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Fig. 13

Peak suction flow with different dimensionless compliance of lung 1

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Fig. 14

Suction duration with different dimensionless compliance of lung 1

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Fig. 15

Minimum pressure with different dimensionless compliance of lung 1

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Fig. 16

Dynamics of dimensionless flow in lung with splints with different Al*

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Fig. 17

Dynamics of dimensionless pressure in lung with splints with different Al*

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Fig. 18

Dynamics of dimensionless low in latex lung with different Al*

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Fig. 19

Dynamics of dimensionless pressure in latex lung with different Al*

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Fig. 20

Peak suction flow with different dimensionless effective area of lung 1

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Fig. 21

Suction duration with different dimensionless effective area of lung 1

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Fig. 22

Minimum pressure with different dimensionless effective area of lung 1

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