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research-article

Overall efficiency evaluation of a hydraulic pump with external drainage through temperature measurements

[+] Author and Article Information
Paolo Casoli

Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
paolo.casoli@unipr.it

Federico Campanini

Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
federico.campanini@studenti.unipr.it

Andrea Bedotti

Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
andrea.bedotti@studenti.unipr.it

Mirko Pastori

Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
mirko.pastori@studenti.unipr.it

Antonio Lettini

Casappa S.p.A., 43044 Parma, Italy
lettinia@casappa.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039084 History: Received April 12, 2017; Revised December 07, 2017

Abstract

In the recent years, industries have been working on the online condition monitoring of systems and components in order to definitely abandon the time-based maintenance and switch efficiently to a condition-based maintenance. Therefore, the research field related to Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) has been gaining more and more importance. In the field of hydraulic pumps and motors, the overall efficiency is an important parameter to monitor and the thermodynamic method has historically been proposed for the online evaluation of this parameter for hydraulic machines without external drainage. Indeed, for this kind of machines, the thermodynamic method allows the evaluation of the overall efficiency by measuring only the temperatures and the pressures at the suction and the delivery ports, thus avoiding the use of cumbersome and expensive sensors, such as flowmeters and torque sensors. This paper investigates the use of the thermodynamic method for hydraulic machines with external drainage. The case study of a swash plate type axial-piston pump is considered. In this first part of the project, the objective was to validate the proposed thermodynamic method by comparing its results with the ones obtained through the mechanical, therefore an extensive experimental activity was carried out and two flowmeters were used to measure the drainage and the delivery flow rates. The pump was tested in different operating conditions and the uncertainty related to the overall efficiency was calculated accurately in order to compare the two approaches properly.

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