The Design of Input Shapers which Eliminate Nonzero Initial Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
Daniel Newman

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana 70503

Seong-Wook Hong

Professor, Kumoh National Institute of Technology, Gumi, Gyeongbuk 730-701, Republic of Korea

Joshua Vaughan

Assistant Professor, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana 70503

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039668 History: Received December 14, 2017; Revised March 02, 2018


Input Shaping is widely used in the control of flexible systems due to its effectiveness and ease of implementation. Due to its open-loop nature, it is often overlooked as a control method in systems where parametric uncertainty or force disturbances are present. However, if the disturbances are known and finite in duration, their effect on the flexible mode can be approximated by formulating an initial condition control problem. With this knowledge, an input shaper can be designed which cancels the initial oscillation, resulting in minimal residual vibration. By incorporating Specified Insensitivity robustness constraints, such shapers can be designed to ensure good performance in the presence of modeling uncertainty. This input shaping method is demonstrated through computer and experimental methods to eliminate vibration in actuator bandwidth-limited systems.

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