Lateral Dynamics of a Rail Transit Vehicle: A Comparison of Experimental and Theoretical Results

[+] Author and Article Information
J. A. Young, T. A. P. S. AppaRao

Transport and Vehicle Systems Office, Research and Development Branch, Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Ontario M3M 1 J8 Canada

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 103(1), 39-48 (Mar 01, 1981) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3139641 History: Received November 03, 1980; Online July 21, 2009


A subway rail vehicle was tested on tangent and curved track sections to provide dynamics data for validation of theoretical models. Tests were done with three combinations of primary suspension and wheel profiles which were selected using a simplified truck stability/curving trade off analysis. The test results of one configuration are compared with two lateral dynamic models. Experimental frequency and damping results are compared with the predictions of a linear Lateral Stability model for a number of vehicle speeds. The measured time histories of vehicle responses on a spiral and a 122 m (400 ft) radius curve are compared with the results obtained from a Curve Entry Dynamics model. The agreement between theory and experiment varied from good to poor depending on the parameter being compared. The discrepancies between theory and experiment can be attributed to four major sources: limitations of models, errors in vehicle parameters used in obtaining theoretical results, measurement errors and data analysis limitations.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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