A New Look at PID-Controller Tuning

[+] Author and Article Information
David W. Pessen

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 116(3), 553-557 (Sep 01, 1994) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2899252 History: Received July 14, 1992; Revised July 02, 1993; Online March 17, 2008


The well-known Ziegler-Nichols method for tuning controllers has been used for 50 years. Since it is still popular, the time is ripe for a reappraisal. It is shown that the Ziegler-Nichols settings for PID-controllers have been misapplied by being used indiscriminately with different PID-controller configurations. Computer simulation made on 15 representative processes indicates how these settings should be modified to obtain good response for load step changes. The results are presented in three different forms, for different controller configurations.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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