Integrated Structure/Control Design of High Speed Flexible Robots Based on Time Optimal Control

[+] Author and Article Information
Sudhendu Rai

Wilson Center for Research & Technology, Xerox Corporation, Webster, NY 14580

Haruhiko Asada

Center for Information Driven Mechanical Systems, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 117(4), 503-512 (Dec 01, 1995) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2801107 History: Received March 31, 1993; Revised July 19, 1993; Online December 03, 2007


This paper presents the integrated structure/control design of high speed single link robots based on time-optimal control and finite element analysis. First, the solutions of a time optimal control problem are analyzed with respect to the arm link inertia and its structural flexibility. A new technique is developed to further reduce the optimal traveling time by redesigning the arm structure through the trade-off analysis between the arm inertia and its natural frequency. In the latter half of the paper, the design criterion is extended to multiple indices by considering residual vibrations, load bearing capacity and other design constraints. For suppressing residual vibrations, a simple feedback control is designed and its dynamic performance with respect to pole-zero locations is improved along with other criteria through mechanical structure modification. The finite element method is used as a modeling tool and the shape of the arm geometry is modified as design parameters. An arm is designed which performs much better as compared to the design which is done without considering the interactions between physical structure and control. The newly designed arm is tested by constructing an experimental setup. The results show significantly improved performance.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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