Research Papers

A Novel Method to Quickly Acquire the Energy Efficiency for Piston Pumps

[+] Author and Article Information
Mengdi Gao

School of Mechanical
and Automotive Engineering,
Hefei University of Technology,
Hefei, Anhui 230009, China
e-mail: mengdgao@163.com

Haihong Huang

School of Mechanical
and Automotive Engineering,
Hefei University of Technology,
Hefei, Anhui 230009, China
e-mail: huanghaihong@hfut.edu.cn

Xinyu Li

School of Mechanical and
Automotive Engineering,
Hefei University of Technology,
Hefei, Anhui 230009, China
e-mail: li122425yu@126.com

Zhifeng Liu

School of Mechanical
and Automotive Engineering,
Hefei University of Technology,
Hefei, Anhui 230009, China
e-mail: zhfliuhfut@126.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL. Manuscript received June 8, 2015; final manuscript received May 11, 2016; published online June 27, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Kevin Fite.

J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control 138(10), 101004 (Jun 27, 2016) (9 pages) Paper No: DS-15-1260; doi: 10.1115/1.4033840 History: Received June 08, 2015; Revised May 11, 2016

The energy efficiency of the piston pumps is one of the considerable important factors in design and analysis of hydraulic system, especially in the process of real-time tracking of energy dissipation in a variety of loading conditions. The existing methods for obtaining the energy efficiency curve of piston pumps are either time-consuming or inaccurate. In order to quantify the energy efficiency of the piston pumps quickly and accurately, the leakage and friction energy loss caused by the clearances in the sliding pairs are analyzed, and an overall efficiency model was established, which contains two constants to be determined by two test points. The accuracy of the model was verified based on a test rig for a hydraulic pump, and it can be improved by selecting appropriate test points via the method of deviation analysis. The results show that the proposed efficiency models are in good agreement with the experimental results, and the best test points are in the range of 0–25% and 51–75% of the peak pressure of the investigated piston pump.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Shi, Z. , Parker, G. , and Granstrom, J. , 2010, “ Kinematic Analysis of a Swash-Plate Controlled Variable Displacement Axial-Piston Pump With a Conical Barrel Assembly,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 132(1), p. 11002. [CrossRef]
Wilson, W. E. , 1946, “ Rotary-pump theory,” ASME Transactions, 68, pp. 371–384.
McCandlish, D. , and Dorey, R. E. , 1984, “ The Mathematical Modelling of Hydrostatic Pumps and Motors,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part B, 198(3), pp. 165–174. [CrossRef]
Manring, N. D. , and Zhang, Y. , 2001, “ The Improved Volumetric-Efficiency of an Axial-Piston Pump Utilizing a Trapped-Volume Design,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 123(3), pp. 479–487. [CrossRef]
Lin, L. I. , Jun, X. A. , Iang, C. K. , and Liangmou, H. , 2010, “ Efficiency Analysis and Thermal Hydraulic Modeling of Aerial Piston Pump at Whole Work Condition,” J. Beijing Univ. Aeronaut. Astronaut., 36(12), pp. 1469–1472.
Yonglin, L. , Keqiang, C. , Liangmou, H. , Weian, L. , and Lianhui, J. , 2014, “ Analysis of Efficiency Characteristic of Aviation Constant Pressure Piston Pump Under Whole Work Condition,” Mach. Tool Hydraul., 42(15), pp. 146–149.
Li, C. , and Jiao, Z. , 2006, “ Thermal-Hydraulic Modeling and Simulation of Piston Pump,” Chin. J. Aeronaut., 19(4), pp. 354–358. [CrossRef]
Shi, X. , and Manring, N. D. , 2001, “ A Torque Efficiency Model for an Axial-Piston Swash-Plate Type Hydrostatic Pump,” Bath Workshop on Power Transmission and Motion Control, London, UK.
Canbulut, F. L. , Sinanolu, C. , and Yildirim, A. , 2004, “ Neural Network Analysis of Leakage Oil Quantity in the Design of Partially Hydrostatic Slipper Bearings,” Ind. Lubr. Tribol., 56(4), pp. 231–243. [CrossRef]
Peng, X. , and Yang, H. , 2009, “ Modeling the Efficiency Characteristics of Hydraulic Pump via Neural Networks,” J. Mech. Eng., 45(8), pp. 106–111. [CrossRef]
Hong, Y. , and Doh, Y. , 2004, “ Analysis on the Friction Losses of a Bent-Axis Type Hydraulic Piston Pump,” KSME Int. J., 18(9), pp. 1668–1679.
Bergada, J. M. , Davies, D. L. , Kumar, S. , and Watton, J. , 2012, “ The Effect of Oil Pressure and Temperature on Barrel Film Thickness and Barrel Dynamics of an Axial Piston Pump,” Meccanica, 47(3), pp. 639–654. [CrossRef]
Canbulut, F. , Sinanolu, C. , and Ko, E. , 2009, “ Experimental Analysis of Frictional Power Loss of Hydrostatic Slipper Bearings,” Ind. Lubr. Tribol., 61(3), pp. 123–131. [CrossRef]
Bergada, J. M. , Kumar, S. , Davies, D. L. , and Watton, J. , 2012, “ A Complete Analysis of Axial Piston Pump Leakage and Output Flow Ripples,” Appl. Math. Model, 36(4), pp. 1731–1751. [CrossRef]
Shute, N. A. , and Turnbull, D. E. , 1963, “ Minimum Power Loss Conditions of the Pistons and Valve Plate in Axial Pumps and Motors,” ASME Paper No. 63-WA-90.
Massey, B. S. , and Ward-Smith, J. , 1989, Mechanics of Fluids, Spring, Berlin.
Chen, Y. Q. , and Wang, Y. S. , 2013, “ Calculating Method for the Leakage Between Slipper and Swashplate in Spherical Swashplate Type Axial Piston Pump with Conical Cylinder,” Adv. Mater. Res., 753–755, pp. 2736–2741. [CrossRef]
Liu Shanyu, Y. W. , 1998, “ Analytical Solution for Laminar Viscous Flow in the Gap Between Two Parallel Rotary Disk,” J. Beijing Inst. Technol., 2(7), pp. 113–119.
Zeiger, G. , and Akers, A. , 1985, “ Torque on the Swashplate of an Axial Piston Pump,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 107(3), pp. 220–226. [CrossRef]
Lee, S. , and Hong, Y. , 2007, “ Effect of CrSiN Thin Film Coating on the Improvement of the Low-Speed Torque Efficiency of a Hydraulic Piston Pump,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 202(4–7), pp. 1129–1134. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Hydraulic circuit for pump test rig

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

A swashplate-type axial piston pump: (a) Internal view of the pump and (b) sectional view of the piston pump with the inset shows the energy loss from the clearances between the main parts of the swashplate-type axial piston pump

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The comparison between test and model prediction results for three different kinds of piston pumps, HA16, HA37, and HA70. ((a) The comparison of piston pump HA16, (b) the comparison of piston pump HA37, and (c) the comparison of piston pump HA70).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Test points in different test range and the combination of the test range

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The absolute error between experimental and predicted results of the six different combination of test ranges. ((a) The absolute error of piston pump HA16, (b) the absolute error of piston pump HA37, and (c) the absolute error of piston pump HA70).



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In