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research-article

A Nonlinear Dynamic Switched-Mode Model of Twin-Roll Steel Strip Casting

[+] Author and Article Information
Florian Browne

Graduate Research Assistant, Student Member of ASME, Ray W. Herrick Laboratories, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907
fbrowne@purdue.edu

George Chiu

Professor, Fellow of ASME, Ray W. Herrick Laboratories, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907
gchiu@purdue.edu

Neera Jain

Assistant Professor, Member of ASME, Ray W. Herrick Laboratories, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907
neerajain@purdue.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4042952 History: Received December 28, 2017; Revised February 21, 2019

Abstract

During twin-roll steel strip casting, molten steel is poured onto the surface of two casting rolls where it solidifies to form a steel strip. The solidification process introduces a two-phase region of steel known as mushy steel which, in turn, has a significant effect on the resulting quality of the manufactured steel strip. Therefore, an accurate model of the growth of mushy steel within the steel pool is imperative for ultimately improving strip quality. In this paper we derived a reduced-order model of the twin-roll casting process that captures the dynamics of the mushy region of the steel pool and describes the effect that the casting roll speed and the gap distance have on the solidification dynamics. We propose a switched-mode description that leverages a lumped parameter moving boundary approach, coupled with a thermal resistance network analogy, to model both the steel pool dynamics and roll dynamics. The integration of these models, and simulation of the combined model, are nontrivial and discussed in detail. The proposed reduced-order model accurately describes the dominant dynamics of the process while using approximately one-tenth of the number of states used in previously published models.

Copyright (c) 2019 by ASME
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